What Is the Main Function of the Bayh-Dole Act of 1980 as It Relates to Academic?

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The Bayh-Dole Act of 1980 allows institutions to have control over the intellectual property from federally funded research. It is an acronym that stands for “Breach of University’s Accepted Ethics”.

The Bayh-Dole Act of 1980 was enacted to promote the research efforts of academic institutions and small, private inventors as well as employees of government agencies. Allows institutions to have control over the intellectual property from federally-funded research.

The Act establishes a framework for determining what is patentable subject matter, manages the licensing of intellectual property produced with federal funding, protects patents against unauthorized use by third parties or government agencies, and requires inventors to disclose their inventions promptly. The Bayh-Dole Act enables university research funding to reach beyond just teaching and conducting experiments aimed at producing new knowledge. Yet, the model it adopts for technology transfer relies on permission from universities rather than requiring freedom under copyright law. In this sense it preserves property monopolies that may allow renewable monopoly regimes without public scrutiny or grievance systems for wrongs committed against citizens when there is little reason.