What Is Fixed Capital?


What is fixed capital? Well, it can be defined as any type of fixed asset that can be considered a source of collateral that is used multiple times in the process of the production of a certain product. Also known as recurring capital, fixed capital helps to determine the financial strength of a company. Now in modern business practice, fixed assets include plant, equipment, property, machinery and supplies.

However, what is fixed capital? In business, fixed capital means any type of tangible asset that is utilized over again in the production of a specific product. In accounting, fixed capital is also a kind of recurring capital good that although an asset, is used as a method of production that is durable or is not fully consumed in a given time frame. This can be illustrated with a fixed asset such as a plant.

Fixed capital basically refers to the funds available to a business and its ability to produce goods and/or services on a regular basis that are sufficient in amount and in volume to allow the business to earn a profit. Now what is fixed capital used for in the business? It is mainly used in order to finance the acquisition of fixed assets. One example of this would be purchasing real estate. In fact, fixed assets account for a large percentage of total capital funds. Therefore, they are essential for the long-term viability of any business.

The two major categories of fixed capital are unsecured and secured. Unsecured fixed capital refers to fixed assets that represent security – such as land, buildings, mining assets, and machinery/equipment that are not owned by the company and therefore cannot be taken from it under bankruptcy proceedings. The term ‘fixed rate’ actually describes the rate of interest (sometimes referred to as interest rate) that the company will receive for the fixed assets. The fixed rate is usually determined by the credit rating of the issuing firm.

Fixed Capital: Fixed rate of interest is the interest rate for the same amount of money over a definite period of time. For instance, a bank may issue a loan whose principal and interest will be set at a fixed rate for a certain period of time. However, this is often called a fixed rate of interest, since it remains the same throughout the duration of the loan. This is often used when banking is done through central banks (such as the Federal Reserve Bank) that control the supply of money and interest rates.

Fixed Rate of Interest: This is another type of capital, but is actually not a fixed capital. This is capital that represents future payments of interest that are made to the company based on the value of its assets at the date of the contract. When this type of capital is used, it is known as an interest-only or a non-interest-only loan. Interest only loans mean that the principal balance will only be repaid if the value of the assets increases after the loan has been made. However, if the value decreases before repayment, the principal balance will still be repaid.

A bond is a common example of a fixed capital. Bonds are issued by a company to represent the equity of the company. If the value of the company’s stock decreases (which is not uncommon), then so will the bond amount. At such times, a company would use a bond as security for a loan from a financial institute, to meet its deficit. This is referred to as bond financing.

Now that you know what is fixed capital? Hopefully, the information provided here has given you the insight needed to determine whether you need this type of finance for your business or not. Whatever the case, a fixed rate loan from a bank or other lender will save you time and trouble, allowing you to focus on your business operations.