What is Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)?


What exactly is corporate social responsibility? It refers to a company’s participation in a range of events aimed at benefiting society as a whole, as well as specific causes and areas of mutual interest. These may include charitable donations, projects aimed at serving the underprivileged, or volunteer work. In many cases, corporations use their influence to get themselves involved in these and other good causes, while working within the confines of the law.

Corporate social responsibility is an area of international business wherein an organization seeks to participate in or support socially progressive practices, often at the expense of funding some of these practices themselves. The most prominent examples are those taken up by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), such as those concerning the Clean Water Act, and efforts to protect endangered species of animals. Such examples help to illustrate the broader scope of this field of study.

In a similar vein, corporate social responsibility efforts can extend to include projects aimed at assisting the development of a particular country’s economy, as well as the environment within that country. Projects commonly associated with this genre include those taking place through the United Nations, such as those aimed at providing sustainable agricultural practices and energy sources that can be used elsewhere, such as solar panels. Others involve assisting third world countries through economic aid or direct investment. Still others lay down new standards for corporate practices, including how companies can incorporate environmentally sound business practices and measures to protect the environment. These efforts form the basis for corporate citizenship, which seeks to provide citizens and organizations with the resources and guidance they need in order to flourish and contribute positively to society.

There is also a related field of study known as corporate social responsibility (is) management. This model is sometimes described as a cross between economics and law and ethics, because it attempts to examine the relationship between such managerial decisions and societal impact as a whole. Companies are urged to act responsibly not only by their own actions, but by those they associate with. This approach, therefore, makes an examination of such factors as a key component of csr.

There are many components to modern corporate social responsibility programs. Many of them are long term strategies aimed at building a foundation for a company to excel in the international market. Some, however, are short-term measures taken to deal with a specific challenge or environmental issue. A common strategy in this realm is one adopted by most businesses to reduce their environmental footprint, such as purchasing electric cars or buying green office equipment. Other companies focus on the creation of “sustainable buildings” and green jobs. Still others go even further and establish charitable foundations in an effort to contribute to the betterment of humanity as a whole.

The best way to examine any given piece of corporate social responsibility programs is to look at all of them individually. This can be done by looking at what type of company is involved. For instance, while a company that manufactures environmentally friendly office equipment might be involved with efforts to create a greener world, that company might also be involved with efforts to educate people about the impact of global warming. Such a company might be well served by examining its own efforts to reduce its environmental impact, as well as those of other businesses that it interacts with on a regular basis. That way, the company can develop strategies for reducing its own impact, as well as those of other companies that it interacts with.

Examining all of the elements of CSR programs from a company’s point of view can lead to greater understanding of whether such efforts are aligned with the company’s own interests. For instance, a company might find that the reduction of its own environmental impact might not be the top priority that it has concerning its interaction with other businesses. In this case, a comprehensive study of each company’s overall environmental impact might be more useful than a look at individual projects. In this way, comprehensive studies of corporate social responsibility programs might provide a better picture of what is going on within a corporation.

While every corporation is different, understanding one’s own interests can go a long way towards making sure that the interests of the corporation are represented in its decision making. That is why thorough examinations of all aspects of corporate social responsibility should always be carried out. These thorough examinations help ensure that a company is not just focusing on its bottom line; it is also focusing on the welfare of the environment. Thus, it makes perfect sense to examine each and every aspect of CSR programs as a part of corporate social responsibility.