What Is Communism? An Introduction to The different Concepts


Communism has always been considered as the downgraded form of capitalism. Communism is often described as a system of ideas, methodology, or even a philosophy. Communism has been termed as a way of life, a lifestyle, a political orientation, a way of living, a way of organizing things, or even a social ideal.

What is communism? Communism is nothing but an idea of society in general. Communism is a socio-political, philosophical, economic, and cultural ideology and movement that are characterized by a vision of a society organized upon the concepts of equal distribution of resources, a vision of social organization without which a society can not survive, and a vision of social progress generally. The term communism was first used by Theodor Menshen von Engels in his book, Where No Man Has Gone Before.

What is communism then?

Communism is different from socialism because it is intended to increase production without increasing the wealth of any nation. The resources which are accumulated in one nation are utilized in another nation with a motive of increasing overall production. This is why there is no such thing as socialism with Communism.

Why should we give importance to what is communism?

First of all, we should give importance to what is communism because it is important. Communism is the ideal form of economy that is ideal for human beings as well as for the nature. If we use our minds, we will notice that every society in the world, in its entirety, uses some form of communism. For example, in China, there are plenty of factories that have small units, independent from one another, and yet are bound together through the existence of collective farms. This is an example of communism.

In America, the most prominent example of communism is food communism. This definition of communism is still widely used today. Food communism defines the distribution of food in the community with the intention of guaranteeing every individual a right to eat. On the other hand, market communism defines the distribution of food in the market, the government being allowed to set a maximum production level and intervene in the market to keep prices from falling below the market level.

So, the problem arises: what is really the difference between socialism and communism? What are their difference, what make them distinctly different, and how do we differentiate between them? For the sake of academic discussion, we may define both as political systems based on collectivism and state ownership. We may also compare the two with respect to their goals.

According to what is communism, every individual has an equal right to manage his own affairs. With socialism, this implies the ownership of property by all classes; however, this system does not require the submission of property to the community or to any group. In fact, this system leaves no room for private property because everything is collectively owned. The concept of what is communism is highly related to the concept of socialism, with the main difference being that one system places extensive regulation of economic activity while the other permits unlimited economy.

Communism is sometimes considered to be the extreme left-hand approach to economic planning and distribution. Although the term may suggest otherwise, socialism actually involves the establishment of extensive planning through the involvement of the community at large. It is because of this that socialists are often accused of assuming control over the economy and dictating their own terms. It should be noted, though, that socialism as a political system has been used successfully throughout history and it is hardly unique in that form.