What is a Republic? A republic is a political system in which the supreme power is held by the population and their chosen representatives. In other words, in a republic, the nation itself is considered an “interest group” not the private property or personal interest of the rulers. The elected leaders in a republic are known as “Republicans.”
The most obvious characteristic of what is a republic is that the system of laws and authority is controlled by the population through voting. Another obvious characteristic of what is a republic is that the constitution must be changed periodically, or else it can be deemed to limit the powers of the elected leaders. What is a republic also means that there is limited personal freedom, which is balanced by a strong national economy. One of the most popular forms of government is a constitutional republic.
What is a democratic? A democratic republic consists of an elected government that has a written constitution that specifically addresses the general welfare of the citizens. A democracy ensures that the right of every citizen to vote for leaders and have access to a wide variety of public services are protected by law.
What is a republic? Examples of what is a republic include the Swiss franc, Norway, Sweden, Mexico, Denmark, Italy, Greece, Thailand, Norway, Canada, Chile, Cuba, Argentina, and the Philippines. The constitution of the Philippines is recognized as a republic by the United States government. The main feature of a republic is that the executive branch is answerable to the voters only. For example, in Venezuela, the head of state is elected through a Constituted elected assembly.
What is a direct democracy? Direct democracy refers to representative government where laws are made directly by citizens and can alter these laws at any time. A modern example is Singapore, which has direct democracy since it has a multiparty system in which a primary election, then a consultative meeting, and final elections. In many cases, representatives are elected by party members, but cannot change the existing laws without going through a constitutional amendment process.
What is a presidential republic? A presidential republic consists of one supreme political body, which consists of a president, a prime minister, a Cabinet, and the National Assembly. The constitution of a presidential republic regularly changes to accommodate the changes in its political structure. For example, in India, the constitution is amended by an election process called the constituent assembly, which is led by a prime minister who is elected by a legislature consisting of both the legislature and the people.
What is a municipal republic? A municipal republic is ruled directly by a mayor who is elected by an elected council. Unlike most other forms of government, there is little limit on how a mayor may run for re-election. There are no checks and balances, since the executive branch alone can remove him. However, a few national municipalities have moved towards direct democracy, moving towards legislatures of representatives of constituents instead of executives.
What is a simple democracy? A simple democracy is ruled by elected officials through voting. An example is Switzerland, which uses a proportional representation system. All citizens can vote for their favorite candidate. If your candidate receives more than half of the vote, you will be elected. A city or municipality does not have to follow a complicated system of checks and balances, since representatives are elected based solely on party support.
Why does a republic differ from a democracy? The most obvious difference is the separation of powers between the executive branch and the legislative and judicial branches. In a republic, the power is divided so that no one branch is able to abuse their position. In America, checks and balances are necessary because the executive branch alone has the power to control the levers of power. The checks and balances in a republic prevent a ruler from abusing their power.
What is a hybrid? Hybrid systems are generally anything that has some aspects of both a democracy and a republic. A hybrid system may elect some members of the legislature to the executive branch and some members of parliament to the legislature. While not all hybrid systems are examples of hybrid societies, they are a good example of how an existing system can be adapted to work better for the masses.
What is a functional republic? A functional republic consists of a constitutional system and a representative government system. Some examples of functional republics include the People’s Republic of Italy, Spain, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Switzerland. Other examples of functional republics include the Philippines, Costa Rica, Venezuela, and Panama.