What is a capital city? A capital city or capital town is the largest city holding primary authority in a particular department, region, nation, state, or other governing area, typically as its capital. Capital cities have their own flag and emblem whereas counties have a seal that represents the county, but both have certain powers that depend on their nature. In some cases, although not always, both a capital city and a county are one administrative division with very limited powers.
A city governed by a mayor or a city council holds the title of “capital”. If a capital city falls to ruin or loses population and/or becomes uneconomical (due to neglect), the regency (the local governing body) can petition for a new capital, commonly known as “permanent seat”. The new capital will then be held by the metropolitan territory. This is known as “permanent seat” or “permanent authority”.
Many cities in the world’s countries have adopted an eclectic form of government; incorporating the principle of direct democracy in their system. Although this form is rarely practiced in the US (as most representatives in American parliamentary bodies are elected), in other countries this has been practiced. Examples are Turkey, Singapore, South Africa, and Nepal. Although most governments around the world do not follow this model, there are cities that have done so and as a result, their capitals may still be considered capital cities.
Some other questions about what is a capital city may arise. Is it the seat of power? Why is it referred to as such? Are there specific laws that govern its designation? These are just some of the questions one might ask about what is a capital city.
A capital city generally refers to any city that is governed by a single national government that is ruled over a metropolitan area. These cities usually have a central government, although there are a few exceptions. The most well-known metropolitan in the world is London, UK. The reason why London is referred to as the capital of England is because it was here that the Magna Carta was created, granting English citizenship to every British citizen who would swear to it at a court of law. Today, the term capital city can apply to any city where government offices and other major buildings are located.
However, what is a capital city for a country, state or province is determined by their government’s decision. For example, it was the capital of British Columbia when the fur trade was first established here. Even today, Victoria is the only Canadian city that is technically its capital. Regardless, the designation of the capital is not always decided by the inhabitants of a city or province. It may come from the leader of a nation, a governor or the prime minister of a province.
Many people are confused as to what is a capital city, and they become irritated at attempts to answer their questions. Capitalization is an interesting political science question that has many different answers. Many have pointed out that an area that does not have anything important to do with commerce or industry would not likely become capitalized, but that London, England is such an area. Even so, it has become an attraction for tourists. The London tourist map gives details of all of the landmarks that London, England is known for. It also lists what is known as London’s “inent” or central location, which includes the Thames, the river Thames, the London estuary and the surrounding countryside.
One could also argue that what is a capital city for a nation, such as the United Kingdom, is based on what the economy needs and desires to produce. In other words, if a city is not needed for commerce then it probably won’t be capitalized. This is not always true. There are some very large cities in China that have been recognized as having a capital significance, despite their overall size.